Imparting water repellency to textiles by chemical methods an index of compounds used by H. A Schuyten

Cover of: Imparting water repellency to textiles by chemical methods | H. A Schuyten

Published by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Administration in New Orleans, La .

Written in English

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  • Textile chemicals,
  • Water repellent

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementH.A. Schuyten ... [et al.]
SeriesAIC -- 179, AIC -- 179.
ContributionsUnited States. Agricultural Research Administration
The Physical Object
Pagination93 p. ;
Number of Pages93
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25588274M

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The literature relating to the water-repellency of textile materials has been surveyed for those articles and patents dealing with the production of this property by chemical methods. The pertinent references found have been abstracted and classified on the basis of the type of compound used to impart by:   Imparting water repellency to textiles by chemical methods: an index of compounds used Item PreviewPages: Audio Books & Poetry Imparting water repellency to textiles by chemical methods book Audio Computers, Technology and Science Music, Full text of "Imparting water repellency to textiles by chemical methods: an.

A number of novel approaches using fluorochemicals in textile processing are a portent area for better marketing of textile goods.

Value added finishing of textiles is a new development in textiles processing and these fluorochemical finishes impart water repellency, oil repellency, soil repellency giving value addition to the textile substrate. Waterproof and Water Repellent Textiles and Clothing provides systematic coverage of the key types of finishes and high performance materials, from conventional wax and silicone, through controversial, but widely used fluoropolymers and advanced techniques, such as atmospheric plasma deposition and sol-gel technology.

The book is an essential resource for all those engaged in garment. of water repellency, water contact angle and infrared spectra of t reated textile fabrics were collected after washing cycle performed according to AA TCC Test Methodat 40°C for 30 min.

You may also like: Different Types of Fabric Testing Methods Repellency of textile fabrics: The repellency of a textile fabric depends upon the resistance to wetting and penetration by a liquid.

Water and oil are the most important liquids for normal textile fabric end-uses. Mechanical, chemical and coating treatments are the main methods 10 for imparting water repellency to textiles, the effect also depending upon the fibre type and the fabric structure and tightness (density).

Ozcan 10 has compared various water repellent finishes. Textile finishing has been revitalized with the advent of nanotechnology imparting several functionalities into textile materials.

The application of nanotechnology to the finishing of textiles is being extensively investigated and researchers are striving to introduce innovative nanomaterials and production techniques to improve the quality of products providing new and more complex.

To measure water repellency of a given fabric. Theory: Water repellent is a state characterized by the non-spreading of water globules on a textile material. This term is not normally applied to a water-repellent finish impervious to air.

This is generally referred to as water proof. It is generally done by treated fabric with fat, wax, rubber etc. In this study, both woven and knit fabrics were taken to evaluate the performance of water repellent finishes on cotton fabrics properties.

Here, % cotton fabrics were treated with different types of fluorocarbon based water repellent chemicals at different formulations. The levels of water repellency of the fabrics were measured in accordance with AATCC hydrostatic head test method and Author: Kawser Parveen Chowdhury.

This paper described the textile materials selection, methods of imparting the repellent into the fabrics, types of repellent as well as the repellency test of treated fabrics.

The assessments used in the treated textile are summarized and conditions of the assessment of repellency relative to this discussion are by: 8. Waterproof and water repellent textiles become more and more common in products used at home, as well as for the outside. For home textiles, main applications are pillow protectors, bed covers, bed sheets and mattress covers.

Shower curtains can also be made from waterproof textile : Carmen Loghin, Lumința Ciobanu, Dorin Ionesi, Emil Loghin, Irina Cristian. Durable Oil and Water Repellent Outdoor Fabrics by Atmospheric PlasmaTreatment Reducing the use of perfluorinated compounds KBTX05 Master of Science Thesis in Chemical and Biological Engineering The methods to gain water repellency in textiles will be explained and the.

Methods of silicone applications for developing water repellent fabrics Durable water repellents and silicone Performance of silicone-treated water repellent fabrics Environmental and health aspects of silicone water repellent Review of commercial products and future trends Conclusions References S.

Coulson, in Plasma Technologies for Textiles, Focus on water and oil repellency. Liquid repellency is a wide-reaching technical effect that is sought after in several industry sectors, from biosciences, healthcare and electronics to industrial filtration, sports and active wear.

Often, repellency to water alone is not enough and other liquids such as oils, inks and alcohols need. A review of the sustainable methods in imparting shrink resistance to wool fabrics Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Advanced Research 18 January with 1, Reads How we.

Water Repellency: Spray: AATCC TM Colorfastness to Burnt Gas Fumes: AATCC TM Ageing of Sulfur-Dyed Textiles: Accelerated: AATCC TM Wetting Agents: Evaluation of Rewetting Agents: AATCC TM Antifungal Activity, Assessment on Textile Materials: Mildew and Rot Resistance of Textile Materials: AATCC TM Water Resistance: Rain: AATCC TM Durable Water and Soil repellent chemistry in the textile industry – a research report 4 Executive Summary Durable water repellents (DWRs) are topical finishes applied to fabrics to provide protection against water, oil and soil.

DWR finishes add value to textile products. The effects of these studied methods on linen fabrics were investigated by physical performance tests and characterization analyses, namely, FTIR-ATR, SEM and EDX. Imparting water repellency. DYEING AND CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY OF TEXTILE FIBRES E. TROTMAN M.B.E., Ph.D.

FOURTH EDITION Click below to download the pdf file Download Here Chapter History of dyeing The early history of dyeing textile materials and the use of dyes derived from natural sources. Perkin’s discovery of Mauveine and a short description of the synthetic dyestuff industry.

Mechanical treatment, chemical treatment and coating methods are three main methods for imparting hydrophobicity of textiles [11].A fluorocarbon coating was deposited on polyester woven fabric. Imparting water repellency to textiles using chemical methods to modify the surface of the fibers and leaving the fabric permeable to air and water vapor was a well-established and well-understood technology in the s.

Hydrophobic textiles can be achieved by treating the textile with low surface energy materials such as fluorinated or Cited by: Facile Method to Prepare Superhydrophobic and Water Repellent Cellulosic Paper. Journal of Nanomaterials, DOI: // Tehila Nahum, Hanna Dodiuk, Anna Dotan, Shmuel Kenig, Jean Paul Lellouche.

Superhydrophobic Cited by: These five products are intended to make woven fabrics water resistant. Our nonscientific testing revealed that each slowed the time it took for water to permeate fabric but only one came close to fully waterproofing it.

When you’re making outerwear, you may want to apply a water-repellent fabric treatment so your coat is truly weather resistant. Durable water repellent, or DWR, is a coating added to fabrics at the factory to make them water-resistant (or hydrophobic).

Durable water repellents are commonly used in conjunction with waterproof breathable fabrics such as Gore-Tex to prevent the outer layer of fabric from becoming saturated with : Ashok Hakoo. Section Name: Chemical Methods of Test (TXD 5) Designator of Legally Binding Document: IS Title of Legally Binding Document: Method for determining the water repellency of fabrics by water spray test.

days, thus the fabrication of super water repellent textiles has been an attractive subject for several decades [10]. Imparting water repellency to textiles using chemical methods to modify the surface of the fibers and leaving the fabric permeable to air and water vapor was a well-established and well-understood technology in the s [10].

A feature of water-resistant and waterproof fabrics, water repellency measures how much water pressure a material can withstand before water begins to permeate.

How Water Droplets Form On Fabric Water-repellent fabrics depend on something called surface area angling in order to repel liquid. Application of Nanotechnology in textiles: This technology is used in textile fabric finishing which helps in transforming the fabric into an entirely new carefree fabric rendering it shrinks proof, wrinkles resistant, stain and water repellent.

This is intended for use in linen and cotton. Fabrics to be used as raincoats, umbrellas, and tarpaulins have to be treated with chemicals to give them a property which makes them water resistant. The finish is called waterproofing and it is a durable finish.

Water repellant finish is different from the waterproof finish. It means water, if showered on the fabric briefly, cannot make the fabric : Textile School. Temporary surface modifications of cotton fabrics with different water repellent agents by wet chemical treatments were examined. The hydrophobicity of the treated substrates was determined by contact angle.

The results show that the cotton fabric became hydrophobic. Three hydrophobic finishing agents were used in this study. The fabric properties were investigated in terms of moisture by: 1.

In textile manufacturing, finishing refers to the processes that convert the woven or knitted cloth into a usable material and more specifically to any process performed after dyeing the yarn or fabric to improve the look, performance, or "hand" (feel) of the finish textile or clothing.

The precise meaning depends on context. Some finishing techniques such as bleaching and dyeing are applied. ii. Water-repellent fabrics will permit the passage of liquid water once hydro-static pressure is high.

Water-Proof Fabrics are resistant to the penetration of water under much higher hydrostatic pressure. iii. A fabric is made water-repellent by depositing a hydrophobic material on the fibre’s surface. iii. however. Waterproofing. to commercial product was introduced in mid s.

Nano -Tex water repellent coating improves water repellency by creating Nano whiskers, which are made of hydrocarbons and have about 1/ of size of a typical cotton fibre.

They are added to the fabric to File Size: KB. Methods are suggested and compositions are selected to endow the surfaces of textile goods made of cotton fabrics with waterproof properties.

The wetting angles are measured that water drops form. Imparting finishes on textile materials Imparting Technique Type of fabric Repellent type Outcome Impregnation Battle field uniform: 65%/35% Cotton/Polyester KBR Mosquito mortality Attached by resin solution Natural & synthetic fabric Microencapsulation Permethrin Mosquito repellency Pad dry cure Blend of natural & synthetic fabric.

An aqueous composition for imparting both flame resistance and water repellency properties to textiles, particularly non-woven textiles. The composition contains a polyvinylacetate, a chloro- or bromo-substituted phosphate plasticizer, a polyfluoroalkyl polyacrylate, water repellent, and an inorganic, water soluble salt, flame retardant.

By "durable water and soil repellency" is meant that the fibrous substrate will exhibit a repellency or resistance to water and oily soils even after multiple launderings. Methods are provided for treating fabrics and other fibrous substrates with permanent water/soil repellent coatings.

Nano-Tex improves the water-repellent property of fabric by creating nano-whiskers, which are hydrocarbons and 1/ of the size of a typical cotton fibre, that are added to the fabric to create a peach fuzz effect without lowering the strength of cotton.

The spaces between the whiskers on the. Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of high performance water repellent finishes on different knit dyed fabrics.

The water repellency evaluation tests and the effects of water repellent treatment towards the physical testing systems like GSM test, bursting strength test and hydrostatic head test were been studied.

Atmospheric pressure plasma polymerization of hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) was carried out to impart water repellent properties to % cotton fabric. The dielectric barrier discharge generated from a mixture of argon and HMDSO was used for the plasma by:   After the weaving process, fabrics are passed through various wet processing to achieve desired feel and properties.

In this article, would be focused more on the additional processes done on the fabric as a value addition by imparting newer properties. After reading this post, you will have a good idea of different types of textile finishes.

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